Host Communities - Siting and Effects of Facilities
FRST Research Project TBAX0203

Details of Project:

Reseach Leader:
James Baines
Research Team:
Nick Taylor, Brigid Buckenham, Vicki Martin, Wayne McClintock, Bronwyn Morgan, Jane Douglas, Jeanine Keller, Erik Norder.
Research aims:

The aim of this programme of applied social research is to assist those involved in urban and rural planning by developing contemporary empirical knowledge for New Zealand on social factors that are relevant to the siting and operation of different types of facilities. The research has developed and tested the concept of 'host community', and developed a theoretical framework and analytical method for comparing the attributes of alternative sites from a social perspective. It has also evaluated the performance of past assessments of environmental and social effects and assembled empirical data which will assist in improving the future practice of effects assessment.

  • Identify historical patterns and trends in facility siting decisions in New Zealand, from the perspective of host communities.
  • Assess contemporary community experience of the siting and operation of facilities in New Zealand.

The programme has been running since July 1997. Since that time the focus of research attention has moved progressively across several kinds of facilities - solid waste facilities, waste water treatment facilities, prison (residential) facilities, and is now focussing on large retail facilities (e.g. malls). Some preliminary research has been initiated into cellular transmitter facilities. Site selection decisions taken between 1972 and 1997 were evaluated for 27 landfills and eight transfer stations in 19 Territorial Local Authority areas. Similarly, site selection decisions taken between 1975 and 1998 were evaluated for 27 waste water treatment plants in 17 Territorial Local Authority areas. Nine prison facilities in eight Territorial Local Authority areas were included in the research, while the research on 16 large retail facilities involved three Territorial Local Authority areas

Accessing the research results:

Full versions of Working Papers are available for the cost of copying and postage. Shortened forms of some Working Papers, without graphics, can be downloaded free of charge from this website. Conference papers are also available for downloading.

Historical analyses:

The historical analyses of New Zealand waste facilities examined the decision-making setting for site selection, the community setting of the selected sites, and the demographic characteristics of the host communities.

This research is reported in -

Working Paper FS1 - Solid waste facilities
Working Paper FS2 - Waste water treatment plants

The demographic analyses in these two working papers have been updated and reported in -

Working Paper FS20 - Solid waste facilities
Working Paper FS21 - Waste water treatment plants

The historical analysis of nine New Zealand prison facilities located in peri-urban situations examined trends and summarised changes within the prisons and within the neighbouring localities over the past fifteen years. The historical and comparative analysis of large retail facilities in New Zealand compared the multi-functional attributes of a sample of sixteen large retail developments in Christchurch, Auckland and North Shore cities, at various stages of their development cycle.

This research is reported in -

Working Paper FS25 - Prisons
Working Paper FS31 - Large retail facilities

Sector Reviews:

Sector Reviews have been prepared for the research on three other types of facilities - prisons, large retail facilities, and cellular transmitters. These are reported in -

Working Paper FS22 - Prisons
Working Paper FS23 - Large retail facilities
Working Paper FS24 - Cellular transmitters

Case studies:

The case studies summarise the development and operation of each facility, describe the surrounding host community, assess the host community experience of the day-to-day operational effects of the facility, and summarise community commentary on the perceived long-term effects of the facility on local development patterns. These are reported in -

Solid waste

FS3 - Styx Mill transfer station, Christchurch City
FS4 - Burwood landfill, Christchurch City
FS5 - Redruth landfill, Timaru District
FS6 - Bonny Glen, Rangitikei District
FS7 - Temuka transfer station, Timaru District
FS8 - Redvale landfill, Auckland Region
FS9 - York Valley landfill, Nelson City
FS10 - Solid waste case studies overview
FS35 - A Statistical Method for Assessing the Impact of a Landfill on Property Values in the Host Community

Waste water

FS11 - Kaiapoi WWTP
FS12 - Oamaru WWTP
FS13 - Bells Island WWTP, Nelson
FS14 - Rolleston WWTP
FS15 - Rakaia WWTP
FS16 - Hikumutu WWTP, Taumarunui
FS17 - Paraparaumu WWTP
FS18 - Lyttelton WWTP
FS19 - Waste water case studies overview


FS26 - Rolleston prison, Canterbury
FS27 - Rimutaka prison, Upper Hutt
FS28 - Hawkes Bay regional prison
FS29 - Wanganui prison
FS30 - Prison case studies overview


FS32 - St Martins retail case study
FS33 - Ferrymead retail case study
FS34 - Westfield Glenfield Mall retail case study

Conference papers:

Several conference papers are available to download:

Siting Waste Disposal Facilities in New Zealand - how fair have we been? 19th Annual Meeting of the International Association for Impact Assessment, June 1999 Glasgow, Scotland.
download (pdf) this paper.

Siting Waste Disposal Facilities in New Zealand - Coping with Community Concerns. WasteMINZ Conference, Queenstown, November 1999
download (pdf) this paper.

From Past to Future: siting waste facilities in New Zealand. SAANZ Conference, November 1999, Auckland.
download (pdf) this paper.

Small community wastewater treatment plants - good neighbours? NZ Water & Wastes Association Conference, September 2001, Wellington, New Zealand.
download (pdf) this paper.

Status of research programme:

Project successfully completed.
NIMBY Press Release

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